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学生园地

自闭症危害大 预防自闭症可以依靠4个方法

2013年11月13日 07时23分20秒浏览次数: 37设置

。主要特征是漠视情感、拒绝im体育、语言发育迟滞、行为重复刻板以及活动兴趣范围的显著局限性,一般在3岁以前就会表现出来。

  

一、自闭症的表现

  1、语言障碍

  yuyanyuimtiyuzhangaishizibizhengdezhongyao,shidaduoshuertongjiuzhendezhuyaoyuanyin。huanerzai203suiyiqianyoubiaodaxingyuyan,suizhenianlingzengzhangzhujianjianshao,shenzhiwanquansangshi,zhongshenchenmobuyuhuozaijishaoshuqingkuangxiashiyongyouxiandeyuyan。tamenduiyuyandeganshouhebiaodayunyongnenglijuncunzaimouzhongchengdudezhangai。

  2、社会交往障碍

im体育  huanzhebunengyutarenjianlizhengchangderenjiguanxi。nianyoushijibiaoxianchuyubierenwumuguangduishi,biaoqingpinfa,quefaqidaifumuhetarenyongbao、aifudebiaoqinghuozitai,yewuxiangshoudaoaifushideyukuaibiaoqing,shenzhiduifumuhebierendeyongbao、aifuyuyijujue。

im体育  tamenfenbuqingqinshuguanxi,duidaiqinrenyuduidaiqitarendoushitongyangdetaidu。bunengyufumujianlizhengchangdeyilianguanxi,huanzheyutonglingertongzhijiannanyijianlizhengchangdehuobanguanxi,liru,zaiyoueryuanduoduchu,buxihuanyutongbanyiqiwanshua;kanjianyixieertongzaiyiqixingzhibobodizuoyouxishi,meiyouquguankandexingquhuoqucanyudeyuanwang。

  3、兴趣范围狭窄和刻板的行为模式

im体育  huanzheduiyuzhengchangertongsuorezhongdeyouxi、wanjudoubuganxingqu,erxihuanwanyixiefeiwanjuxingdewupin,ruyigepinggai,huoguanchazhuandongdedianfengshandeng,bingqiekeyichixushushifenzhong、shenzhijigexiaoshiermeiyouyanjuangan。

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二、自闭症的原因

  1、自闭症的病因与遗传有关

  zheigejielunshitongguoyixieshujufenxidechulaide。zibizhenghuanzhedenannvbiliyibandouweichizai4:1debilishang。tongshi,youxiezibizhengjiazu,zheixiejiazuhuanzibizhengdebiliyaogaoyuqitazhengchangjiazu。zhongzhongjixiangbiaoming,zibizhengyuyichuanyouzhemibukefendeguanxi。danshi,yixianzaikexuejishu,haiweinengzhaodaodaozhizibizhengchuxindeyichuanjiyin,suoyiimtiyuzhinengcongzheixiezibizhengshujuheyixieshiyanzhong,zhaochuzibizhengdechengyin。

  2、对自闭症的病因误解

  zibizhengzuizaobeidingyiweijingshenjibing,beihuafendaojingshenfenliejibingzhong,ersuizheyanjiudeshenru,henduorenbazibizhengdechengyinguijieyu“bingxiangmuqin”。zheilisuoshuodebingxiangmuqin,zhideshineixiezhongrimangyugongzuo,haizidechengzhangbuguanxindejiazhang,renmenrenweihaizizhisuoyidezibizheng,shiyinweimeiyoulianghaodeshenghuohuanjingerchanshengdexinliniuqu。danzheizhongshuofahenkuaijiubeirenbochidaole。yiweishengwuxuejiajingguofenxifaxian,zibizhengshuyuyizhongxiantianxingdejibing,jizibizhengxiaoerzaichushengshi,jiuyijingdaiyouzibizhengdehuanbingyinsu,zhibuguozheizhongbingzheng,huizaihuanzhe2suizuoyoushi,caiyoumingxiandezhengzhuang。

  3、外伤导致自闭症

  zheilisuoshuodewaishangkeyifenweichanshangheqitawaishang。yanjiurenyuanfaxian,yunfuzaifenmianguochengzhong,youshihuichuxianchanshang,zheixiechanshangyoudehuiduihaizidegugezaochengyingxiang,eryouxiezehuiduiyingerdenaobuzaochengshanghai,erzheizhongnaobushanghaiyoushihuidaozhizibizheng,zheiyeshijinnianlai,bijiaoshoudaoguanzhudezibizhengchengyinlilun。chucizhiwaiderenhewaishangdoujiaowaishanghuohoutianwaishang,zheixiewaishangduoshishangjinaobuerzaochengdehaizixinggezhoubian。zheizhongqingkuangxia,yehuizaochengyixiezibizhengbinglidechuxian,suoyiyesuanzuoshiyizhongzibizhengchengyin。

  zongtilaishuoshenghuozhongyinqizibizhengdeyuanyinhaishibijiaoduode,xiwangyishangjieshaodezheixieyinsunenggoujigengduodehuanzhedailaibangzhu,zibizhengdefashengdajiayidingyaojishidecaiquzhiliao,bimiancuoguozuijiadezhiliaoshijian,jiazhangpengyouzaishenghuozhongyidingyaojihaiziduoyuguanzhaohezengqiangxinxin。

im体育  meiyouyigejiazhangxiwangzijidehaizihuanshangzibizheng,neimeimtiyuyinggairuhehaizihuanshangertongzibizheng?qiyufangcuoshiruxia:

三、怎么预防自闭症

  1、母亲要注意孕期保健,加强围产期卫生保健,积极进行优生优育工作

  renshenqibingduganran、、chushengshizhixihepougongchandouhuiduiyouerchanshengyingxiang,muqinrenshenqibingduganranyouqishiyunqiqian3geyuebingduganrankedaozhidanaofayuyichangerzhiertongguduzheng。rufengzhenbingdu、danchunpaozhenbingdu、liuganbingdu、juxibaobingdudengjunkesunhaihuanerzhongshuerzhibing。suoyiyunfuzaihuaiyunqijianyouqishihuaiyunchuqiyaozhuyibuyaoganranbingdu。zaiyingerzaoqiyeyaozhuyibimiangaoshaojingjue,duocidegaoshaojingjueyehuizaochengnaosunhai;

  2、提倡母乳喂养

im体育  yinweimuruzhonghanyoufengfudejianxingkuangwuzhi,youyiyuhaizizhilidefazhan。jiaodadeertongyingshaochitang,duochishucai、shuiguo、zaliangdeng“jianxingshiwu”。zhuyishanshide“suanjianpingheng”,youyiyujitineiphzhidexiangduiwending,shigezhongdaixiegongnengxiediao,jinershishenxinbaochilianghaodejiankangzhuangtai;

  3、家长别把孩子过分封闭于一味学习的小圈内

im体育chengshijuzhudexiandaihuashixuduorenbanjinlegaolou,eryihuyimendegaolourongyijihaizizaochengfengbidehuanjing,yinci,yingyunxuhuogulihaiziconggaolouzouxialaidaotingyuanzhong,yulinjuhuofujinxiaopengyouwanshua、jiaowang,jianliyouyi。

  4、尽量让孩子参加集体活动

im体育  jitihuodongbaokuolinjuxiaopengyouxiangyaodeyouxi、zuozuoye;baokuoimtiyu、banjitongyizuzhidewentihuodong;baokuozhuhetongxueshengri、huansonglaoshidengdeng。congjitihuodongzhongpeiyuhaizidexingge,congjitihuodongzhongtiyanyouyi、zhihuiyuwennuan。

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